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  • HEALTHY LIVING

    All about diabetes

    4 min read

    In Canada, almost 2.7 million people have diabetes, and about 25% of those with the condition are unaware that they have it.

  • HEALTHY LIVING

    Diabetes

    3 min read

    Diabetes is a condition where people don't produce enough insulin to meet their body's needs and/or their cells don't respond properly to insulin.

  • LIFESTYLE

    Nutrition and exercise to control diabetes

    3 min read

    Controlling diabetes means smart food choices to help keep blood sugar, weight, and cholesterol in better control and exercise usually lowers blood sugar.

  • LIFESTYLE

    Why exercise?

    1 min read

    Being active can help you maintain a healthy body weight and reduce your risk of certain conditions such as heart disease, high blood pressure, and diabetes.

  • LIFESTYLE

    Exercise more

    4 min read

    Ten minutes here and ten minutes there of even just moderate exercise can add up to considerable health benefits.

  • MENTAL HEALTH & DIABETES

    Staying positive with diabetes

    5 min read

    Managing diabetes takes up time in your day, but it shouldn't take up that much space in your mind. Read how to stay positive with this on-going challenge.

  • Helpful Resources

    • Diabetes and foot care

      5 min read

      The high blood sugar levels common in diabetes may spell trouble down the road with the patient’s feet.

    View all resources

    FAQs

    • Featuring content from MediResource Inc.

      Keep blood sugar levels in check

      Whole grains and fibre-rich food can help control your blood glucose levels.

      Choose "low-sugar" and "sugar-free" foods, as snacks and beverages with high sugar content can cause your blood sugar levels to rise quickly.

      Increase your intake of fruits and vegetables. It's easier than you think to add more of them to your diet! Enjoy fruit for snacks, and add vegetables to make your favourite meals even tastier.

      Limit fried and fatty foods. Choose low-fat dairy products, lean meats, poultry, and meat alternatives such as beans and legumes; grill, barbecue or oven-bake your meat instead of frying; and cook with moderate amounts of unsaturated oils such as olive, sunflower or corn oil.

      If you drink alcohol, drink in moderation. This means:

      • no more than 2 drinks per day (or no more than 3 drinks on special occasions) to a maximum of 10 drinks per week for women
      • no more than 3 drinks per day (or no more than 4 drinks on special occasions) to a maximum of 15 drinks per week for men

      If you're eating a healthy, balanced diet, then the occasional high-sugar treat won't hurt. Try to enjoy your sweet snack after a high-fibre meal.

      All material copyright MediResource Inc. 1996 – 2021. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Source: www.medbroadcast.com/healthfeature/gethealthfeature/Impaired-Glucose-Tolerance

    • Featuring content from MediResource Inc.

      Credit Source: Heart and Stroke Foundation, a LOVE YOU by Shoppers Drug MartTM charity partner.

      Link: https://www.heartandstroke.ca

       

      During pregnancy, your basal metabolic rate (BMR, or the number of calories you use each day) will increase, and you'll need more calories to support the extra work needed for fetal development

      Choose healthy foods to supply calories instead of high-fat or high-sugar alternatives. For example, if you like sweetened snacks and beverages, remember that fresh and dried fruits, and fruit juice concentrates, are sweet but also contain important vitamins and nutrients (unlike some other high-sugar snacks). The occasional ice cream treat is OK, but note that enjoying a cone or small bowl of low-fat yogurt is a more nutritious way to obtain dietary calcium.

      Women who did not have diabetes before may also develop the condition during pregnancy. This kind of diabetes is known as gestational diabetes. Most women with gestational diabetes can control their condition with a healthy balanced diet and moderate exercise. Medications are usually not necessary. Gestational diabetes usually disappears after the baby is born.

      While pregnant, a woman's body must produce extra insulin because increasing levels of pregnancy hormones interfere with the body's ability to use insulin efficiently. If the woman's body can't produce the additional insulin sufficiently, her blood sugar levels may rise, causing gestational diabetes. There are no warning signs so it is important that women have their glucose levels monitored as part of their prenatal care and continue to be monitored throughout their pregnancy. Gestational diabetes can increase the risk of the mother and baby developing diabetes later in life. Diabetes is a risk factor for heart disease and stroke.

    • Featuring content from MediResource Inc.

      What to do if you have IGT (Impaired glucose intolerance)

      You may be at risk of developing diabetes, but the good news is it's not too late to control your blood sugar levels for the long term. Studies have shown that people with IGT can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes by up to 58% by losing weight and exercising regularly.

      Some experts recommend that people with IGT should reduce their weight (gradually, with a healthy diet) by 5% to 10% and exercise (even moderately) for 30 minutes daily. Just losing 10 to 15 pounds can make a real difference. Taking these measures now can help return blood glucose levels to a normal range.

      If you have IGT, your physician or primary health care provider will probably advise you to follow a balanced diet, control your weight, exercise regularly, and if you smoke, to stop smoking. You should also have a blood test every year to measure your fasting blood glucose levels, to make sure you have not developed diabetes. You should also have regular blood pressure and cholesterol tests to assess your risk of developing heart disease.

      The most important part of managing IGT is through your diet. And if you're overweight, losing excess pounds will help. Keep in mind that losing weight slowly (about one pound per week) instead of using fad or drastic diets will help you keep the weight off.

      Being more physically active will help you control your weight and reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease and stroke. You don't need to be a super endurance athlete to control your weight; enjoy activities such as walking, gardening and dancing, and see where it takes you!

       

      All material copyright MediResource Inc. 1996 – 2021. Terms and conditions of use. The contents herein are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Source: www.medbroadcast.com/healthfeature/gethealthfeature/Impaired-Glucose-Tolerance

    • Understand Your Diabetes Risk

       

      Why is understanding your risk of diabetes important for your heart?

       

      Whether or not you have diabetes, high glucose (sugar) levels in your blood are a risk factor for heart disease. Having diabetes doubles the risk of developing heart disease.7

      Knowing your risk can help you make healthy choices now that will reduce your risk or even prevent you from developing diabetes.8

      What factors increase your diabetes risk? 

      Some of the important risk factors for diabetes include9:

      • Your age
      • Family history of diabetes
      • Ethnicity
      • Being overweight, especially around your abdomen
      • High blood pressure
      • High cholesterol

       

      1. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NDIC). http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/stroke/#connection, accessed 14 November 2011.
      2. Public Health Agency of Canada. The Canadian Diabetes Risk Questionnaire. http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/cd-mc/diabetes-diabete/canrisk/canrisk-eng.php, accessed 22 November 2012.
      3. Canadian Diabetes Association. Diabetes and You- Are you At Risk? http://www.diabetes.ca/diabetes-and-you/what/at-risk/, accessed 22 November 2012.
    • Credit Source:

      * Loblaw Dietitian Team

      Roughly 11 million Canadians were living with diabetes or prediabetes in 2016.[i]  This number is anticipated to increase in the future.[ii] Of these Canadians, about 90 per cent live with type 2 diabetes, while approximately 10 per cent live with type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition where the body cannot properly use the insulin that it produces or the body does not make enough insulin. This can result in an imbalance of blood sugars, which can damage organs, blood vessels, and nerves if not managed appropriately.[iii]

      There are many risk factors to developing type 2 diabetes, but living a healthy lifestyle, including eating well, is necessary for the prevention and management of this chronic disease. Balance is key when it comes to eating healthier. Aim for at least three of the four food groups at breakfast, lunch, and dinner, as per Canada’s Food Guide. For lunch and supper, aim to fill half of your plate with at least two different kinds of vegetables. Include whole grains and starches such as potatoes, brown or wild rice, corn and whole grain pasta in a quarter of your plate, and fill the remaining quarter of your plate with a lean source of meat or alternative, such as fish, chicken, tofu, beans or lentils.

      When putting together a meal, portion size is also important. We often get carried away with the grains, starches and protein portions of our diet. Try a simple ‘handy’ guide to estimating portions of different food groups at meals and snacks: aim for a fist-sized amount of fruits, grains and starches, a palm-sized amount of protein, and at least two handfuls of non-starchy vegetables. For oils such as dressings, those used for cooking, butter and mayonnaise, aim to use about the size of the tip of your thumb.

      The quality and quantity of the food you eat plays a large role in the prevention and management of many chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes. Try to reduce intake of foods that are high in added sugar, salt, saturated fat and trans fat. If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, it is also important to eat regularly throughout the day in order to help control the body’s blood sugars. To do this, try not to skip meals, and try not to go longer than six hours without eating.

      [i] Diabetes Canada. Diabetes in Canada. Retrieved August 16 2017 from:

      https://www.diabetes.ca/getmedia/513a0f6c-b1c9-4e56-a77c-6a492bf7350f/diabetes-charter-backgrounder-national-english.pdf.aspx

      [ii] Diabetes Canada. Diabetes in Canada. Retrieved August 16 2017 from:

      https://www.diabetes.ca/getmedia/513a0f6c-b1c9-4e56-a77c-6a492bf7350f/diabetes-charter-backgrounder-national-english.pdf.aspx

      [iii] Diabetes Canada. Types of Diabetes. Retrieved August 16 2017 from:

      http://www.diabetes.ca/about-diabetes/types-of-diabetes

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