Control Your Blood Glucose

Why is controlling your blood glucose so important for your heart?

For people with diabetes, the risk of heart disease is double that of a person without diabetes.7 Heart disease starts earlier and heart attacks are more severe if you have diabetes.7

How does high blood glucose increase your risk of heart disease?

High blood glucose increases your risk of heart disease in a couple of different ways:

  • High levels of glucose in the blood can damage your arteries. This makes you more prone to buildups of fatty plaques (deposits on the inside walls), which “harden” and narrow these blood vessels.
  • Having diabetes increases the chances of high blood pressure, which is another heart disease risk factor. As well, people with diabetes are more likely to have other heart disease risk factors such as being overweight (especially with extra weight around the waist), having high cholesterol, and smoking.

How can you control your blood glucose?

There are many steps you can take to control your blood glucose, including eating healthy, exercising, reaching a healthy body weight, and keeping track of your blood glucose levels. Monitoring your own blood glucose and having an A1C* test done are important to assist in blood glucose control. Keeping your blood glucose levels in a healthy range will help reduce your heart disease risk.

Visit to learn more about prevention, management and living well with Diabetes.

7. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NDIC)., accessed 14 November 2011.