Crowns, Bonding, and Veneers

Crowns, or caps, are custom-fitted coverings that replace your tooth's natural crown. They can be made out of porcelain, gold, or porcelain fused to metal. They are often used to modify a tooth's structure. 

Why are crowns necessary?

A tooth that has been significantly damaged by decay or fracturing can be covered with a crown to strengthen and protect it from further damage. They can be placed on individual teeth which have been filed down, used to attach bridges (a bridge is a restoration that replaces a missing tooth), and can also be placed on dental implants. They can even be used to improve the aesthetic appearance of teeth that are discoloured or misshapen.

To get a crown, your dentist and dental team perform several steps:

  1. The dentist freezes the tooth and surrounding gums.
  2. The dentist files down the tooth to prepare for the artificial crown.
  3. A dental professional makes an impression of the prepared tooth and sends the impression to a dental lab. The lab makes a custom crown.
  4. While the final crown is being made, the dentist places a temporary crown to protect the tooth.
  5. At the next visit, the temporary crown is removed and replaced by the new crown.

It is possible that other procedures may be necessary before a crown is made or placed. Speak with your dentist about what options are best for you.

Cleaning twice a day with a toothbrush and a small amount of fluoride toothpaste helps prevent dental problems.


What is bonding?

Bonding is a procedure that improves the aesthetic appearance of teeth using materials that are attached or bonded to the tooth surface. Bonding material is resin-based, which allows it to stick firmly to the tooth. In order to match the colour to teeth, a dental professional carefully mixes various colours together until the best match is reached.

Why is bonding necessary?

Bonding is often used cosmetically to alter the colour and shape of natural teeth. It can also be used to correct small chips, to fill small cavities, and even to act as a splint for teeth that have become loose due to bone loss.

The bonding process can usually be done in one dental visit. There are several steps to the bonding process:

  • The tooth surface is prepared so that the bonding can adhere to it.
  • Different coloured materials are mixed to match neighbouring teeth.
  • The bonding material is applied and shaped.
  • A special light or chemical process is used to harden the bonding.
  • To refine the appearance of the bonding, the surface of the bonding is smoothed and polished.


What are veneers?

Veneers are custom-made shells that cover the front part of your teeth. They are made of tooth-coloured materials that are blended carefully to match the colour of neighbouring teeth.

Why are veneers necessary?

Veneers are used cosmetically to cover up bad stains, to alter a tooth's shape, and even to change the appearance of slightly crooked teeth. Some people use veneers to improve the look of their smile. However, to maintain them, some foods and beverages should be avoided to prevent discolouring or staining the veneers, such as coffee, tea, or red wine.

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