MMR

Measles + Mumps + Rubella

What is the MMR vaccine?
The MMR is a combination of vaccines that provides protection against measles, mumps, and rubella.

What are the benefits of this vaccine?
The MMR vaccine is the best way to protect against measles, mumps and rubella infection and their complications.

Who should get this vaccine?
The MMR vaccine is recommended for children between 12 and 18 months of age as part of the routine vaccination schedule, and is recommended for adults who have not been vaccinated as children. It is recommended that people born in 1970 or later (1957 for health care workers) get 2 doses of the vaccine. This is also especially important for travellers.

Routine vaccination schedule varies per province and territory. Visit Provincial Vaccination Schedules for more information.

What are the common reactions after the vaccine?
Common reactions to the vaccine may include soreness, redness and swelling where the vaccine was given. A mild fever, a rash that looks like measles and swelling of glands in the cheeks or neck can occur about 7 to 12 days after getting the vaccine. Temporary joint pain may occur in teenage and adult women.

For more information on vaccine safety and possible side effects, visit the Measles vaccine: Canadian Immunization Guide.

What is measles, mumps and rubella?
Measles: is a very contagious disease caused by a virus. It causes rashes, high fever, runny nose, coughing and inflammation of the eyelids.

Mumps: is a disease that causes fever, headache, and welling of the salivary glands around your jaw and cheeks.

Rubella: is a disease that causes fever, sore throat, and swollen glands.

What are the symptoms of measles, mumps and rubella?
Measles: red blotchy rashes, high fever, runny nose, drowsiness, irritability, and red eyes. These symptoms can take 7-14 days to develop.

Mumps: fever, headache, sore muscles, earaches, a loss of appetite and welling of the salivary glands under the ear or jaw (which can cause your cheeks to bulge out).

Rubella: some people who are infected with rubella don't show any symptoms. Those who do can have a low fever, cold-like symptoms, a pink or red rash, achy joints and slightly swollen glands.

How is it spread?
Measles: is very contagious; it can spread quickly when airborne droplets from an infected person are released when they cough or sneeze.

Mumps: is spread through direct contact with the saliva of an infected person.

Rubella: is spread through coughing and sneezing. You can also become infected by coming in close contact with someone who is sick with rubella.